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Romans Chapter 11:1-6

But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace.

Romans 11:1-6
1
I say then, has God cast away His people? Certainly not! For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.
2
God has not cast away His people whom He foreknew. Or do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel, saying,
3
"LORD, they have killed Your prophets and torn down Your altars, and I alone am left, and they seek my life"?
4
But what does the divine response say to him? "I have reserved for Myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal."
5
Even so then, at this present time there is a remnant according to the election of grace.
6
And if by grace, then it is no longer of works; otherwise grace is no longer grace. But if it is of works, it is no longer grace; otherwise work is no longer work.
  1. Has God cast away His people?
    Romans 11:1
    I say then, has God cast away His people? Certainly not! For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.
    Romans 11:2
    God has not cast away His people whom He foreknew. Or do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel, saying,
    Romans 11:3
    "LORD, they have killed Your prophets and torn down Your altars, and I alone am left, and they seek my life"?
  2. How is the divine response?
    Romans 11:4
    But what does the divine response say to him? "I have reserved for Myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal."
  3. What remains at this time?
    Romans 11:5
    Even so then, at this present time there is a remnant according to the election of grace.
  4. Why must our salvation be of His grace and not of our works?
    Romans 11:6
    And if by grace, then it is no longer of works; otherwise grace is no longer grace. But if it is of works, it is no longer grace; otherwise work is no longer work.

Romans Chapter 11:7-10

What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking. The elect obtained it, but the rest were hardened.

Romans 11:7-10
7
What then? Israel has not obtained what it seeks; but the elect have obtained it, and the rest were blinded.
8
Just as it is written: "God has given them a spirit of stupor, Eyes that they should not see And ears that they should not hear, To this very day."
9
And David says: "Let their table become a snare and a trap, A stumbling block and a recompense to them.
10
Let their eyes be darkened, so that they do not see, and bow down their back always."
  1. What happened to the elect and the rest?
    Romans 11:7
    What then? Israel has not obtained what it seeks; but the elect have obtained it, and the rest were blinded.
  2. What did God give to them?
    Romans 11:8
    Just as it is written: "God has given them a spirit of stupor, Eyes that they should not see And ears that they should not hear, To this very day."
  3. What did David say about this?
    Romans 11:9-10
    9
    And David says: "Let their table become a snare and a trap, A stumbling block and a recompense to them.
    10
    Let their eyes be darkened, so that they do not see, and bow down their back always."

Romans Chapter 11:11-15

So I ask, did they stumble in order that they might fall? By no means! Rather, through their trespass salvation has come to the Gentiles, so as to make Israel jealous.

Romans 11:11-15
11
I say then, have they stumbled that they should fall? Certainly not! But through their fall, to provoke them to jealousy, salvation has come to the Gentiles.
12
Now if their fall is riches for the world, and their failure riches for the Gentiles, how much more their fullness!
13
For I speak to you Gentiles; inasmuch as I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry,
14
if by any means I may provoke to jealousy those who are my flesh and save some of them.
15
For if their being cast away is the reconciling of the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead?
  1. What did God do to the Gentiles?
    Romans 11:11
    I say then, have they stumbled that they should fall? Certainly not! But through their fall, to provoke them to jealousy, salvation has come to the Gentiles.
  2. Was their fall was riches for the Gentiles?
    Romans 11:12
    Now if their fall is riches for the world, and their failure riches for the Gentiles, how much more their fullness!
  3. Why was Paul an Apostle to?
    Romans 11:13-14
    13
    For I speak to you Gentiles; inasmuch as I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry,
    14
    if by any means I may provoke to jealousy those who are my flesh and save some of them.
  4. What will result from Israel's acceptance of the gospel?
    Romans 11:15
    For if their being cast away is the reconciling of the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead?

Romans Chapter 11:16-18

But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, although a wild olive shoot, were grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing root of the olive tree.

Romans 11:16-18
16
For if the firstfruit is holy, the lump is also holy; and if the root is holy, so are the branches.
17
And if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive tree, were grafted in among them, and with them became a partaker of the root and fatness of the olive tree,
18
do not boast against the branches. But if you do boast, remember that you do not support the root, but the root supports you.
  1. Since Israel as the root is holy, what will the branches be?
    Romans 11:16
    For if the firstfruit is holy, the lump is also holy; and if the root is holy, so are the branches.
  2. How did the Gentiles get grafted in?
    Romans 11:17
    And if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive tree, were grafted in among them, and with them became a partaker of the root and fatness of the olive tree,
  3. Why are Gentiles not to boast?
    Romans 11:18
    do not boast against the branches. But if you do boast, remember that you do not support the root, but the root supports you.

Romans Chapter 11:19-24

Then you will say, “Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in.” That is true. They were broken off because of their unbelief, but you stand fast through faith. So do not become proud, but fear.

Romans 11:19-24
19
You will say then, "Branches were broken off that I might be grafted in."
20
Well said. Because of unbelief they were broken off, and you stand by faith. Do not be haughty, but fear.
21
For if God did not spare the natural branches, He may not spare you either.
22
Therefore consider the goodness and severity of God: on those who fell, severity; but toward you, goodness, if you continue in His goodness. Otherwise you also will be cut off.
23
And they also, if they do not continue in unbelief, will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again.
24
For if you were cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and were grafted contrary to nature into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these, who are natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree?
  1. What might some Gentiles say?
    Romans 11:19
    You will say then, "Branches were broken off that I might be grafted in."
  2. Why was Israel broken off, and what should the Gentiles not do?
    Romans 11:20
    Well said. Because of unbelief they were broken off, and you stand by faith. Do not be haughty, but fear.
  3. What can happen to the Gentile branches that happened to Israel?
    Romans 11:21
    For if God did not spare the natural branches, He may not spare you either.
  4. What should we consider?
    Romans 11:22
    Therefore consider the goodness and severity of God: on those who fell, severity; but toward you, goodness, if you continue in His goodness. Otherwise you also will be cut off.
  5. How can Israel be grafted back in?
    Romans 11:23
    And they also, if they do not continue in unbelief, will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again.
  6. How does Paul compare Israel and the Gentiles?
    Romans 11:24
    For if you were cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and were grafted contrary to nature into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these, who are natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree?

Romans Chapter 11:25-27

Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want you to be unaware of this mystery, brothers: a partial hardening has come upon Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.

Romans 11:25-27
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For I do not desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own opinion, that blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.
26
And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: "The Deliverer will come out of Zion, And He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob;
27
For this is My covenant with them, When I take away their sins."
  1. How long will the mystery of Israel's blindness continue?
    Romans 11:25
    For I do not desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own opinion, that blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.
  2. What will happen to Israel in the end?
    Romans 11:26
    And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: "The Deliverer will come out of Zion, And He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob;
  3. What was God's covenant with them?
    Romans 11:27
    For this is My covenant with them, When I take away their sins."

Romans Chapter 11:28-36

For just as you were at one time disobedient to God but now have received mercy because of their disobedience, so they too have now been disobedient in order that by the mercy shown to you they also may now receive mercy.

Romans 11:28-36
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Concerning the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but concerning the election they are beloved for the sake of the fathers.
29
For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable.
30
For as you were once disobedient to God, yet have now obtained mercy through their disobedience,
31
even so these also have now been disobedient, that through the mercy shown you they also may obtain mercy.
32
For God has committed them all to disobedience, that He might have mercy on all.
33
Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and His ways past finding out!
34
"For who has known the mind of the LORD? Or who has become His counselor?"
35
"Or who has first given to Him And it shall be repaid to him?"
36
For of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, to whom be glory forever. Amen.
  1. What does Paul say about Israel concerning the gospel and the election?
    Romans 11:28
    Concerning the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but concerning the election they are beloved for the sake of the fathers.
  2. Can God's gifts and calling of Israel be taken away (revoked)?
    Romans 11:29
    For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable.
  3. How have Gentiles obtained mercy?
    Romans 11:30
    For as you were once disobedient to God, yet have now obtained mercy through their disobedience,
    Romans 11:31
    even so these also have now been disobedient, that through the mercy shown you they also may obtain mercy.
  4. Why has God committed them all to disobedience?
    Romans 11:32
    For God has committed them all to disobedience, that He might have mercy on all.
  5. How deep is God's wisdom?
    Romans 11:33-35
    33
    Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and His ways past finding out!
    34
    "For who has known the mind of the LORD? Or who has become His counselor?"
    35
    "Or who has first given to Him And it shall be repaid to him?"
  6. Who are all things through and for?
    Romans 11:36
    For of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, to whom be glory forever. Amen.