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Galatians Chapter 4:1-5

But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons.

Galatians 4:1-5
1
Now I say that the heir, as long as he is a child, does not differ at all from a slave, though he is master of all,
2
but is under guardians and stewards until the time appointed by the father.
3
Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world.
4
But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law,
5
to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.
  1. As long as he is a child, what is he no different than?
    Galatians 4:1
    Now I say that the heir, as long as he is a child, does not differ at all from a slave, though he is master of all,
  2. How long will he be under guardians and stewards?
    Galatians 4:2
    but is under guardians and stewards until the time appointed by the father.
  3. When we were children, what were we under bondage to?
    Galatians 4:3
    Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world.
  4. What happened in the fullness of the time?
    Galatians 4:4
    But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law,
  5. What did He redeem those who were under the law, to be adopted as?
    Galatians 4:5
    to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.

Galatians Chapter 4:6-1

You observe days and months and seasons and years!
I am afraid I may have labored over you in vain.

Galatians 4:6-11
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And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying out, "Abba, Father!"
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Therefore you are no longer a slave but a son, and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.
8
But then, indeed, when you did not know God, you served those which by nature are not gods.
9
But now after you have known God, or rather are known by God, how is it that you turn again to the weak and beggarly elements, to which you desire again to be in bondage?
10
You observe days and months and seasons and years.
11
I am afraid for you, lest I have labored for you in vain.
  1. Because we are sons, what has happened to us?
    Galatians 4:6
    And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying out, "Abba, Father!"
  2. What are we not longer, and what have we become?
    Galatians 4:7
    Therefore you are no longer a slave but a son, and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ.
  3. What did we do when we did not know God?
    Galatians 4:8
    But then, indeed, when you did not know God, you served those which by nature are not gods.
  4. What should we not turn back to?
    Galatians 4:9
    But now after you have known God, or rather are known by God, how is it that you turn again to the weak and beggarly elements, to which you desire again to be in bondage?
  5. What were they observing, that was evidence that they were turning back?
    Galatians 4:10
    You observe days and months and seasons and years.
  6. What was Paul's fear?
    Galatians 4:11
    I am afraid for you, lest I have labored for you in vain.

Galatians Chapter 4:12-16

Have I then become your enemy by telling you the truth?

Galatians 4:12-16
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Brethren, I urge you to become like me, for I became like you. You have not injured me at all.
13
You know that because of physical infirmity I preached the gospel to you at the first.
14
And my trial which was in my flesh you did not despise or reject, but you received me as an angel of God, even as Christ Jesus.
15
What then was the blessing you enjoyed? For I bear you witness that, if possible, you would have plucked out your own eyes and given them to me.
16
Have I therefore become your enemy because I tell you the truth?
  1. What did Paul urge them to become like?
    Galatians 4:12
    Brethren, I urge you to become like me, for I became like you. You have not injured me at all.
  2. Why had Paul preached the gospel to them?
    Galatians 4:13
    You know that because of physical infirmity I preached the gospel to you at the first.
  3. How had they received him?
    Galatians 4:14
    And my trial which was in my flesh you did not despise or reject, but you received me as an angel of God, even as Christ Jesus.
  4. What would they have done for Paul?
    Galatians 4:15
    What then was the blessing you enjoyed? For I bear you witness that, if possible, you would have plucked out your own eyes and given them to me.
  5. What were they tempted to believe about Paul?
    Galatians 4:16
    Have I therefore become your enemy because I tell you the truth?

Galatians Chapter 4:17-20

They make much of you, but for no good purpose. They want to shut you out, that you may make much of them.

Galatians 4:17-20
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They zealously court you, but for no good; yes, they want to exclude you, that you may be zealous for them.
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But it is good to be zealous in a good thing always, and not only when I am present with you.
19
My little children, for whom I labor in birth again until Christ is formed in you,
20
I would like to be present with you now and to change my tone; for I have doubts about you.
  1. Why did the false brethren try to deceive them?
    Galatians 4:17
    They zealously court you, but for no good; yes, they want to exclude you, that you may be zealous for them.
  2. When is it good to be zealous?
    Galatians 4:18
    But it is good to be zealous in a good thing always, and not only when I am present with you.
  3. How long would Paul be in labor for them?
    Galatians 4:19
    My little children, for whom I labor in birth again until Christ is formed in you,
  4. Why did he desire to be present with them?
    Galatians 4:20
    I would like to be present with you now and to change my tone; for I have doubts about you.

Galatians Chapter 4:21-27

Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not listen to the law?

Galatians 4:21-27
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Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not hear the law?
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For it is written that Abraham had two sons: the one by a bondwoman, the other by a freewoman.
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But he who was of the bondwoman was born according to the flesh, and he of the freewoman through promise,
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which things are symbolic. For these are the two covenants: the one from Mount Sinai which gives birth to bondage, which is Hagar;
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for this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia, and corresponds to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children;
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but the Jerusalem above is free, which is the mother of us all.
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For it is written: "Rejoice, O barren, You who do not bear! Break forth and shout, You who are not in labor! For the desolate has many more children Than she who has a husband."
  1. What did Paul want those who desired to be under the law to hear?
    Galatians 4:21
    Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not hear the law?
    Galatians 4:22
    For it is written that Abraham had two sons: the one by a bondwoman, the other by a freewoman.
  2. How were their children different?
    Galatians 4:23
    But he who was of the bondwoman was born according to the flesh, and he of the freewoman through promise,
  3. What is this symbolic of?
    Galatians 4:24
    which things are symbolic. For these are the two covenants: the one from Mount Sinai which gives birth to bondage, which is Hagar;
    Galatians 4:25
    for this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia, and corresponds to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children;
    Galatians 4:26
    but the Jerusalem above is free, which is the mother of us all.
    Galatians 4:27
    For it is written: "Rejoice, O barren, You who do not bear! Break forth and shout, You who are not in labor! For the desolate has many more children Than she who has a husband."

Galatians Chapter 4:28-31

Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of promise.

Galatians 4:28-31
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Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are children of promise.
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But, as he who was born according to the flesh then persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, even so it is now.
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Nevertheless what does the Scripture say? "Cast out the bondwoman and her son, for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman."
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So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman but of the free.
  1. What are we children of?
    Galatians 4:28
    Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are children of promise.
  2. What did the one who was born of the flesh do to the one who was born of the Spirit?
    Galatians 4:29
    But, as he who was born according to the flesh then persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, even so it is now.
  3. What is that like now?
    Galatians 4:29
    But, as he who was born according to the flesh then persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, even so it is now.
  4. What does the Scripture say?
    Galatians 4:30
    Nevertheless what does the Scripture say? "Cast out the bondwoman and her son, for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman."
  5. Who are we children of?
    Galatians 4:31
    So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman but of the free.