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Romans Chapter 11:1-6

But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace.

Romans 11:1-6
1
I ask, then, has God rejected his people? By no means! For I myself am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, a member of the tribe of Benjamin.
2
God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew. Do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he appeals to God against Israel?
3
“Lord, they have killed your prophets, they have demolished your altars, and I alone am left, and they seek my life.”
4
But what is God's reply to him? “I have kept for myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal.”
5
So too at the present time there is a remnant, chosen by grace.
6
But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace.
  1. Has God cast away His people?
    Romans 11:1
    I ask, then, has God rejected his people? By no means! For I myself am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, a member of the tribe of Benjamin.
    Romans 11:2
    God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew. Do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he appeals to God against Israel?
    Romans 11:3
    “Lord, they have killed your prophets, they have demolished your altars, and I alone am left, and they seek my life.”
  2. How is the divine response?
    Romans 11:4
    But what is God's reply to him? “I have kept for myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal.”
  3. What remains at this time?
    Romans 11:5
    So too at the present time there is a remnant, chosen by grace.
  4. Why must our salvation be of His grace and not of our works?
    Romans 11:6
    But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace.

Romans Chapter 11:7-10

What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking. The elect obtained it, but the rest were hardened.

Romans 11:7-10
7
What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking. The elect obtained it, but the rest were hardened,
8
as it is written, “God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that would not see and ears that would not hear, down to this very day.”
9
And David says, “Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution for them;
10
let their eyes be darkened so that they cannot see, and bend their backs forever.”
  1. What happened to the elect and the rest?
    Romans 11:7
    What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking. The elect obtained it, but the rest were hardened,
  2. What did God give to them?
    Romans 11:8
    as it is written, “God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that would not see and ears that would not hear, down to this very day.”
  3. What did David say about this?
    Romans 11:9-10
    9
    And David says, “Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution for them;
    10
    let their eyes be darkened so that they cannot see, and bend their backs forever.”

Romans Chapter 11:11-15

So I ask, did they stumble in order that they might fall? By no means! Rather, through their trespass salvation has come to the Gentiles, so as to make Israel jealous.

Romans 11:11-15
11
So I ask, did they stumble in order that they might fall? By no means! Rather, through their trespass salvation has come to the Gentiles, so as to make Israel jealous.
12
Now if their trespass means riches for the world, and if their failure means riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their full inclusion mean!
13
Now I am speaking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry
14
in order somehow to make my fellow Jews jealous, and thus save some of them.
15
For if their rejection means the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance mean but life from the dead?
  1. What did God do to the Gentiles?
    Romans 11:11
    So I ask, did they stumble in order that they might fall? By no means! Rather, through their trespass salvation has come to the Gentiles, so as to make Israel jealous.
  2. Was their fall was riches for the Gentiles?
    Romans 11:12
    Now if their trespass means riches for the world, and if their failure means riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their full inclusion mean!
  3. Why was Paul an Apostle to?
    Romans 11:13-14
    13
    Now I am speaking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry
    14
    in order somehow to make my fellow Jews jealous, and thus save some of them.
  4. What will result from Israel's acceptance of the gospel?
    Romans 11:15
    For if their rejection means the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance mean but life from the dead?

Romans Chapter 11:16-18

But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, although a wild olive shoot, were grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing root of the olive tree.

Romans 11:16-18
16
If the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, so is the whole lump, and if the root is holy, so are the branches.
17
But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, although a wild olive shoot, were grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing root of the olive tree,
18
do not be arrogant toward the branches. If you are, remember it is not you who support the root, but the root that supports you.
  1. Since Israel as the root is holy, what will the branches be?
    Romans 11:16
    If the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, so is the whole lump, and if the root is holy, so are the branches.
  2. How did the Gentiles get grafted in?
    Romans 11:17
    But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, although a wild olive shoot, were grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing root of the olive tree,
  3. Why are Gentiles not to boast?
    Romans 11:18
    do not be arrogant toward the branches. If you are, remember it is not you who support the root, but the root that supports you.

Romans Chapter 11:19-24

Then you will say, “Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in.” That is true. They were broken off because of their unbelief, but you stand fast through faith. So do not become proud, but fear.

Romans 11:19-24
19
Then you will say, “Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in.”
20
That is true. They were broken off because of their unbelief, but you stand fast through faith. So do not become proud, but fear.
21
For if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will he spare you.
22
Note then the kindness and the severity of God: severity toward those who have fallen, but God's kindness to you, provided you continue in his kindness. Otherwise you too will be cut off.
23
And even they, if they do not continue in their unbelief, will be grafted in, for God has the power to graft them in again.
24
For if you were cut from what is by nature a wild olive tree, and grafted, contrary to nature, into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these, the natural branches, be grafted back into their own olive tree.
  1. What might some Gentiles say?
    Romans 11:19
    Then you will say, “Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in.”
  2. Why was Israel broken off, and what should the Gentiles not do?
    Romans 11:20
    That is true. They were broken off because of their unbelief, but you stand fast through faith. So do not become proud, but fear.
  3. What can happen to the Gentile branches that happened to Israel?
    Romans 11:21
    For if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will he spare you.
  4. What should we consider?
    Romans 11:22
    Note then the kindness and the severity of God: severity toward those who have fallen, but God's kindness to you, provided you continue in his kindness. Otherwise you too will be cut off.
  5. How can Israel be grafted back in?
    Romans 11:23
    And even they, if they do not continue in their unbelief, will be grafted in, for God has the power to graft them in again.
  6. How does Paul compare Israel and the Gentiles?
    Romans 11:24
    For if you were cut from what is by nature a wild olive tree, and grafted, contrary to nature, into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these, the natural branches, be grafted back into their own olive tree.

Romans Chapter 11:25-27

Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want you to be unaware of this mystery, brothers: a partial hardening has come upon Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.

Romans 11:25-27
25
Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want you to be unaware of this mystery, brothers: a partial hardening has come upon Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.
26
And in this way all Israel will be saved, as it is written, “The Deliverer will come from Zion, he will banish ungodliness from Jacob”;
27
“and this will be my covenant with them when I take away their sins.”
  1. How long will the mystery of Israel's blindness continue?
    Romans 11:25
    Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want you to be unaware of this mystery, brothers: a partial hardening has come upon Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.
  2. What will happen to Israel in the end?
    Romans 11:26
    And in this way all Israel will be saved, as it is written, “The Deliverer will come from Zion, he will banish ungodliness from Jacob”;
  3. What was God's covenant with them?
    Romans 11:27
    “and this will be my covenant with them when I take away their sins.”

Romans Chapter 11:28-36

For just as you were at one time disobedient to God but now have received mercy because of their disobedience, so they too have now been disobedient in order that by the mercy shown to you they also may now receive mercy.

Romans 11:28-36
28
As regards the gospel, they are enemies for your sake. But as regards election, they are beloved for the sake of their forefathers.
29
For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable.
30
For just as you were at one time disobedient to God but now have received mercy because of their disobedience,
31
so they too have now been disobedient in order that by the mercy shown to you they also may now receive mercy.
32
For God has consigned all to disobedience, that he may have mercy on all.
33
Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways!
34
“For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor?”
35
“Or who has given a gift to him that he might be repaid?”
36
For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be glory forever. Amen.
  1. What does Paul say about Israel concerning the gospel and the election?
    Romans 11:28
    As regards the gospel, they are enemies for your sake. But as regards election, they are beloved for the sake of their forefathers.
  2. Can God's gifts and calling of Israel be taken away (revoked)?
    Romans 11:29
    For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable.
  3. How have Gentiles obtained mercy?
    Romans 11:30
    For just as you were at one time disobedient to God but now have received mercy because of their disobedience,
    Romans 11:31
    so they too have now been disobedient in order that by the mercy shown to you they also may now receive mercy.
  4. Why has God committed them all to disobedience?
    Romans 11:32
    For God has consigned all to disobedience, that he may have mercy on all.
  5. How deep is God's wisdom?
    Romans 11:33-35
    33
    Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways!
    34
    “For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor?”
    35
    “Or who has given a gift to him that he might be repaid?”
  6. Who are all things through and for?
    Romans 11:36
    For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be glory forever. Amen.